### Abstract

We modeled previously a crystal lattice as an elastic bar with equivalent atom mass. Applying such a lattice model to recrystallization phenomena, we developed conservation laws of mass, momentum, angular momentum and energy for mixture consisting of recrystallized phase and matrix. Also, the increase law of entropy for mixture was obtained. However, in the previous works, only general principles are formulated and material properties are not introduced into them. Moreover, it is still unclear which conservation laws are corresponding to the governing equations of phase-field models. In this paper, balance equations of mass for single phase and spin angular momentum are rewritten by use of order parameter and crystal orientation, respectively. Constitutive equations for fluxes of order parameter and crystal orientation are thermodynamically derived so that the entropy inequality is not violated. Substituting the constitutive equations of flux into the balance equations, basic equations are obtained. In these equations, the mass source term and diffusion coefficients are modeled so as to synchronize with the temporal change of grain boundary energy. Neglecting the conservative term of the equation of crystal orientation and then integrating it with respect to time, three-dimensional KWC type phase-field equations are derived. Finally, reducing the obtained equations to two-dimensional ones, it is shown that the present equations result in the conventional KWC type phase-field model.

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 1065-1078 |

Number of pages | 14 |

Journal | Nihon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, A Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part A |

Volume | 78 |

Issue number | 791 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - 2012 Aug 6 |

### Keywords

- Balance laws
- Constitutive equation
- Continuum mechanics
- Heat treatments
- Phase transformation
- Phase-field model
- Recrystallization

### ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Materials Science(all)
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering