Development of the new brief job stress questionnaire

Akiomi Inoue, Norito Kawakami, Teruichi Shimomitsu, Akizumi Tsutsumi, Takashi Haratani, Toru Yoshikawa, Akihito Shimazu, Yuko Odagiri

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

2 Citations (Scopus)


The present study aimed to investigate the reliability and construct validity of a new version of the Brief Job Stress Questionnaire (New BJSQ), which measures an extended set of psychosocial factors at work by adding new scales/items to the current version of the BJSQ. Additional scales/items were extensively collected from theoretical models of job stress and similar questionnaires in several countries. Scales/items were field-tested and refined through a pilot Internet survey. Finally, an 84-item standard version questionnaire, a 63-item recommended set, and a 23-item short version (141, 120, and 80 items in total when combined with the current 57-item BJSQ) were developed. A nationally representative survey was administered to employees in Japan (n = 1633) in 2010/2011 to examine the reliability and construct validity. As a result, most scales showed acceptable levels of internal consistency (Cronbach’s alpha) and test-retest reliability over one year. Principal component analyses showed that the first factor explained 50 % or greater proportion of the variance in most scales. A scale factor analysis and a correlation analysis showed that these scales fit the proposed theoretical framework. These findings provided a piece of evidence that the New BJSQ scales are reliable and valid. The New BJSQ can be a useful instrument to evaluate psychosocial work environment and positive mental health outcomes in the workplace.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPsychosocial Factors at Work in the Asia Pacific
Subtitle of host publicationFrom Theory to Practice
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Number of pages23
ISBN (Electronic)9783319444000
ISBN (Print)9783319443997
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes


  • Correlation analysis
  • Cronbach’s alpha
  • New Brief Job Stress Questionnaire (New BJSQ)
  • Principal component analysis
  • Scale factor analysis
  • Test-retest reliability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Social Sciences(all)
  • Economics, Econometrics and Finance(all)
  • Business, Management and Accounting(all)


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