Stria vascularis is a structure that generates potassium gradients in the cochlea, which is vital for hair cells to convert mechanical sound waves into electrical pulses. The precise development of the stria vascularis and subsequent generation of endocochlear potential are thus essential for hearing. Understanding the development of the stria vascularis is valuable for studying hearing loss caused by aging or genetics and designing regenerative therapy. Although inter-species differences have been reported between rodents and humans, most of our current knowledge regarding cochlear development has been obtained from rodent models because of the difficulty in using human fetal samples in this field of research. Therefore, we investigated the development of the cochlear stria vascularis in the common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus), a small monkey species native to the New World. Our study confirms that stria vascularis development in the common marmoset is similar to that in humans and is suitable for furthering our understanding of human cochlear development. The time course established in this report will aid in studying the primate-specific developmental biology of the inner ear, which could eventually lead to new treatment strategies for hearing loss in humans.
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