Developmental Acquisition of Regulomes Underlies Innate Lymphoid Cell Functionality

Han Yu Shih, Giuseppe Sciumè, Yohei Mikami, Liying Guo, Hong Wei Sun, Stephen R. Brooks, Joseph F. Urban, Fred P. Davis, Yuka Kanno, John J. O'Shea

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

137 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Summary Innate lymphoid cells (ILCs) play key roles in host defense, barrier integrity, and homeostasis and mirror adaptive CD4+ T helper (Th) cell subtypes in both usage of effector molecules and transcription factors. To better understand the relationship between ILC subsets and their Th cell counterparts, we measured genome-wide chromatin accessibility. We find that chromatin in proximity to effector genes is selectively accessible in ILCs prior to high-level transcription upon activation. Accessibility of these regions is acquired in a stepwise manner during development and changes little after in vitro or in vivo activation. Conversely, dramatic chromatin remodeling occurs in naive CD4+ T cells during Th cell differentiation using a type-2-infection model. This alteration results in a substantial convergence of Th2 cells toward ILC2 regulomes. Our data indicate extensive sharing of regulatory circuitry across the innate and adaptive compartments of the immune system, in spite of their divergent developing pathways.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1120-1133
Number of pages14
JournalCell
Volume165
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 May 19
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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    Shih, H. Y., Sciumè, G., Mikami, Y., Guo, L., Sun, H. W., Brooks, S. R., Urban, J. F., Davis, F. P., Kanno, Y., & O'Shea, J. J. (2016). Developmental Acquisition of Regulomes Underlies Innate Lymphoid Cell Functionality. Cell, 165(5), 1120-1133. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cell.2016.04.029