DHA-PC and PSD-95 decrease after loss of synaptophysin and before neuronal loss in patients with Alzheimer's disease

Dai Yuki, Yuki Sugiura, Nobuhiro Zaima, Hiroyasu Akatsu, Shiro Takei, Ikuko Yao, Masato Maesako, Ayae Kinoshita, Takayuki Yamamoto, Ryo Kon, Keikichi Sugiyama, Mitsutoshi Setou

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Abstract

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease that is characterized by senile plaques, neurofibrillary tangles, synaptic disruption, and neuronal loss. Several studies have demonstrated decreases of docosahexaenoic acid-containing phosphatidylcholines (DHA-PCs) in the AD brain. In this study, we used matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization imaging mass spectrometry in postmortem AD brain to show that PC molecular species containing stearate and DHA, namely PC(18:0/22:6), was selectively depleted in the gray matter of patients with AD. Moreover, in the brain regions with marked amyloid β (Aβ) deposition, the magnitude of the PC(18:0/22:6) reduction significantly correlated with disease duration. Furthermore, at the molecular level, this depletion was associated with reduced levels of the postsynaptic protein PSD-95 but not the presynaptic protein synaptophysin. Interestingly, this reduction in PC(18:0/22:6) levels did not correlate with the degrees of Aβ deposition and neuronal loss in AD. The analysis of the correlations of key factors and disease duration showed that their effects on the disease time course were arranged in order as Aβ deposition, presynaptic disruption, postsynaptic disruption coupled with PC(18:0/22:6) reduction, and neuronal loss.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7130
JournalScientific reports
Volume4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

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    Yuki, D., Sugiura, Y., Zaima, N., Akatsu, H., Takei, S., Yao, I., Maesako, M., Kinoshita, A., Yamamoto, T., Kon, R., Sugiyama, K., & Setou, M. (2014). DHA-PC and PSD-95 decrease after loss of synaptophysin and before neuronal loss in patients with Alzheimer's disease. Scientific reports, 4, [7130]. https://doi.org/10.1038/srep07130