Background: A rapid 30-minute assay of circulating smoothmuscle myosin heavy-chain protein has been developed as a biochemical diagnostic tool for aortic dissection. Objective: To determine the sensitivity and specificity of this assay. Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: 8 major cardiovascular centers in Japan. Patients: 95 patients with acute aortic dissection, 48 patients with acute myocardial infarction, and 131 healthy volunteers. Measurements: Levels of circulating smooth-muscle myosin heavy-chain protein. Results: Patients with acute aortic dissection who presented within 3 hours after onset had elevated levels of circulating smooth-muscle myosin heavy-chain protein. In these patients, the assay had a sensitivity of 90.9%, a specificity of 98% compared with healthy volunteers, and a specificity of 83% compared with patients who had acute myocardial infarction; the clinical decision limit was 2.5 μg/L. All patients with proximal lesions had elevated levels of smooth-muscle myosin heavy-chain protein, and only patients with distal lesions had decreased levels (< 2.5 μg/L). Conclusions: Levels of smooth-muscle myosin heavy-chain protein can be used to diagnose aortic dissection soon after symptom onset. The assay had the greatest diagnostic value in patients with proximal lesions.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Annals of internal medicine|
|Publication status||Published - 2000 Oct 3|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine