Purpose: We herein compared the diagnostic performance of Vesical Imaging-Reporting and Data System (VI-RADS) scoring with diagnostic cystoscopy and evaluated diagnostic accuracies based on tumor locations. Materials and Methods: Among 112 bladder cancer patients who underwent multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging and diagnostic cystoscopy preoperatively to detect bladder cancer, 61 were analyzed. VI-RADS was categorized into 5 stages by 2 radiologists (R1 and R2). Cut-off values ≥3 indicated muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC). Muscle invasion (MI) was visually evaluated using diagnostic cystoscopy by 2 urologists (U1 and U2). The sensitivity and specificity of VI-RADS scores and diagnostic cystoscopy for diagnosing MI were compared. Results: 16 patients (26.2%) were pathologically diagnosed with MIBC. Regarding MI diagnostic accuracy, the sensitivity/specificity of VI-RADS scores were 93.8/88.9% by R1 and 87.5/86.7% by R2, while those of diagnostic cystoscopy were 56.3/68.9% by U1 and 68.8/84.4% by U2. Therefore, the diagnostic accuracy of VI-RADS was significantly higher than that of cystoscopy, particularly for tumors located on the bladder neck, trigone, dome, and posterior and anterior walls. Over- and under-diagnosis rates were higher with VI-RADS than with diagnostic cystoscopy (25.9% vs. 14.8%) for tumors located on the lateral wall or ureteral orifice. Conclusion: VI-RADS had superior diagnostic performance for detecting MI, especially in tumors located at the bladder neck/trigone/dome/posterior and anterior wall. However, VI-RADS was inferior to cystoscopy in terms of MI detection for tumors located on the lateral wall or ureteral orifice. Therefore, a combination of diagnostic tools is recommended for the accurate staging of these tumors.
|Journal||Urologic Oncology: Seminars and Original Investigations|
|Publication status||Published - 2022 Feb|
- Diagnostic cystoscopy
- Muscle invasion
- Muscle-invasive bladder cancer
- Tumor locations
ASJC Scopus subject areas