Dietary habits in middle age and future changes in activities of daily living - NIPPON DATA80-NIPPON DATA80 research group

Yasuyuki Nakamura, Atsushi Hozawa, Tanvir Chowdhury Turin, Naoyuki Takashima, Tomonori Okamura, Takehito Hayakawa, Yoshikuni Kita, Akira Okayama, Katsuyuki Miura, Hirotsugu Ueshima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Almost no studies have investigated the relationship between food intake measured at middle age and future disability. Objective: To examine the association of meat, fish and egg intake with risk of subsequent mortality and/or future decline in activities of daily living (ADL) among the elderly. Methods: The cohort consisted of 2,316 Japanese individuals aged 47-60 at the baseline who were randomly selected throughout Japan and followed up for 19 years from 1980. Results: Those who ate meat at least once every 2 days were younger, there were more men, daily drinkers, professional workers and urban residents compared to those who ate meat less than once every 2 days. Over 19 years of follow-up, 75 participants became dependent due to impaired ADL. A higher intake of meat was associated with a statistically significant decrease in impaired ADL occurrence (odds ratio = 0.61, 95% confidence intervals 0.38-0.99, p = 0.04). Fish and egg intake were not associated with any difference in impaired ADL occurrence. None of the 3 foods were associated with any changes in mortality. Conclusion: A higher intake of meat may prevent impaired ADL occurrence, although this was not associated with a lower mortality.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)707-713
Number of pages7
JournalGerontology
Volume55
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Nov 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Activities of daily living
  • Cohort study
  • Egg
  • Fish
  • Meat
  • Mortality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ageing
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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    Nakamura, Y., Hozawa, A., Turin, T. C., Takashima, N., Okamura, T., Hayakawa, T., Kita, Y., Okayama, A., Miura, K., & Ueshima, H. (2009). Dietary habits in middle age and future changes in activities of daily living - NIPPON DATA80-NIPPON DATA80 research group. Gerontology, 55(6), 707-713. https://doi.org/10.1159/000235906