Dietary phosphorus deprivation induces 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 1α-hydroxylase gene expression

Tadashi Yoshida, Noriko Yoshida, Toshiaki Monkawa, Matsuhiko Hayashi, Takao Saruta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Dietary phosphorus deprivation causes hypophosphatemia and an increase in serum 1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1,25-(OH)2D3] concentrations. To determine the molecular mechanisms of this regulation, the effects of dietary phosphorus deprivation and hypophysectomy on 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 1α-hydroxylase (1a-hydroxylase) protein and messenger RNA (mRNA) expression were examined in rats. A low phosphorus diet (LPD) for 4 days resulted in hypophosphatemia and an increase in serum 1,25-(OH)2D3 levels. This increase was caused by the induction of 1α-hydroxylase protein and mRNA expression (4- and 10-fold increases, respectively). Administration of the LPD or normal phosphorus diet to hypophysectomized (HPX) rats resulted in hypophosphatemia and suppression of 1α-hydroxylase gene expression, indicating that hypophosphatemia itself is not sufficient to induce 1α-hydroxylase mRNA expression. Administration of GH to HPX rats fed LPD could partially restore 1α-hydroxylase mRNA expression, whereas supplementation with insulin-like growth factor I, T3, estrogen, or corticosterone had no effect. We also examined Phex gene expression in the bone, because the clinical features of X-linked hypophosphatemia resemble those of HPX rats. Phex mRNA expression, however, was not altered in HPX rats. In conclusion, we demonstrated that the increase in serum 1,25-(OH)2D3 levels caused by dietary phosphorus deprivation is due to the induction of 1α-hydroxylase mRNA expression, and this increase is mediated in part by a GH-dependent mechanism.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1720-1726
Number of pages7
JournalEndocrinology
Volume142
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001

Fingerprint

Dietary Phosphorus
Calcifediol
Mixed Function Oxygenases
Hypophosphatemia
Gene Expression
Phosphorus
Messenger RNA
Diet
Familial Hypophosphatemic Rickets
Serum
Hypophysectomy
Calcitriol
Corticosterone
Insulin-Like Growth Factor I
Estrogens
Proteins
Bone and Bones

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Cite this

Dietary phosphorus deprivation induces 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 1α-hydroxylase gene expression. / Yoshida, Tadashi; Yoshida, Noriko; Monkawa, Toshiaki; Hayashi, Matsuhiko; Saruta, Takao.

In: Endocrinology, Vol. 142, No. 5, 2001, p. 1720-1726.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Yoshida, Tadashi ; Yoshida, Noriko ; Monkawa, Toshiaki ; Hayashi, Matsuhiko ; Saruta, Takao. / Dietary phosphorus deprivation induces 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 1α-hydroxylase gene expression. In: Endocrinology. 2001 ; Vol. 142, No. 5. pp. 1720-1726.
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