Differences in Balance Function Between Cancer Survivors and Healthy Subjects: A Pilot Study

Shinichiro Morishita, Yuta Mitobe, Atsuhiro Tsubaki, Osamu Aoki, Jack B. Fu, Hideaki Onishi, Tetsuya Tsuji

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Older adults who have survived cancer experience significantly more falls compared with healthy adults. Adult cancer survivors may also have a lower balance function than healthy adults. We examined muscle strength and balance function among 19 cancer survivors and 14 healthy subjects. The mean age of the cancer survivors was 51.5 ± 11.2 years; 6 men and 13 women. Cancer diagnoses included breast cancer, retroperitoneal sarcoma, acute leukemia, lung cancer, colorectal cancer, thyroid cancer, Ewing's sarcoma, and tongue cancer. The mean age of healthy subjects was 47.4 ± 14 years; 3 men, 11 women. Muscle strength was assessed using hand grip and knee extensor strength tests. Balance function was evaluated using the Timed Up and Go (TUG) test, and body sway was tested using a force platform. No significant differences were found with respect to right and left grip strength or right and left knee extension strength between the 2 groups. A significantly higher TUG time was observed in cancer survivors than in healthy subjects ( P < .05). With eyes open, the area of the center of pressure was significantly larger in cancer survivors than in healthy subjects ( P < .05). Similarly, the length per area was significantly lower both with eyes open and closed for cancer survivors than for healthy subjects ( P < .05). TUG was significantly correlated with muscle strength in both groups ( P < .05). However, no body sway parameters were related to muscle strength in either group. Cancer survivors had lower balance function that might not have been related to muscle strength. Cancer survivors should be evaluated for balance function as there is a potential for impairment. The findings of this study will be relevant for planning the prevention of falls for cancer survivors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1144-1149
Number of pages6
JournalIntegrative Cancer Therapies
Volume17
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Dec 1

Fingerprint

Survivors
Healthy Volunteers
Muscle Strength
Neoplasms
Hand Strength
Thyroid Neoplasms
Knee
Tongue Neoplasms
Ewing's Sarcoma
Sarcoma
Colorectal Neoplasms
Lung Neoplasms
Leukemia
Hand
Breast Neoplasms
Pressure

Keywords

  • cancer
  • oncology
  • physical function
  • physiotherapy
  • rehabilitation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Complementary and alternative medicine

Cite this

Differences in Balance Function Between Cancer Survivors and Healthy Subjects : A Pilot Study. / Morishita, Shinichiro; Mitobe, Yuta; Tsubaki, Atsuhiro; Aoki, Osamu; Fu, Jack B.; Onishi, Hideaki; Tsuji, Tetsuya.

In: Integrative Cancer Therapies, Vol. 17, No. 4, 01.12.2018, p. 1144-1149.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Morishita, Shinichiro ; Mitobe, Yuta ; Tsubaki, Atsuhiro ; Aoki, Osamu ; Fu, Jack B. ; Onishi, Hideaki ; Tsuji, Tetsuya. / Differences in Balance Function Between Cancer Survivors and Healthy Subjects : A Pilot Study. In: Integrative Cancer Therapies. 2018 ; Vol. 17, No. 4. pp. 1144-1149.
@article{a4a2118e72194d4dab41ce85fc069445,
title = "Differences in Balance Function Between Cancer Survivors and Healthy Subjects: A Pilot Study",
abstract = "Older adults who have survived cancer experience significantly more falls compared with healthy adults. Adult cancer survivors may also have a lower balance function than healthy adults. We examined muscle strength and balance function among 19 cancer survivors and 14 healthy subjects. The mean age of the cancer survivors was 51.5 ± 11.2 years; 6 men and 13 women. Cancer diagnoses included breast cancer, retroperitoneal sarcoma, acute leukemia, lung cancer, colorectal cancer, thyroid cancer, Ewing's sarcoma, and tongue cancer. The mean age of healthy subjects was 47.4 ± 14 years; 3 men, 11 women. Muscle strength was assessed using hand grip and knee extensor strength tests. Balance function was evaluated using the Timed Up and Go (TUG) test, and body sway was tested using a force platform. No significant differences were found with respect to right and left grip strength or right and left knee extension strength between the 2 groups. A significantly higher TUG time was observed in cancer survivors than in healthy subjects ( P < .05). With eyes open, the area of the center of pressure was significantly larger in cancer survivors than in healthy subjects ( P < .05). Similarly, the length per area was significantly lower both with eyes open and closed for cancer survivors than for healthy subjects ( P < .05). TUG was significantly correlated with muscle strength in both groups ( P < .05). However, no body sway parameters were related to muscle strength in either group. Cancer survivors had lower balance function that might not have been related to muscle strength. Cancer survivors should be evaluated for balance function as there is a potential for impairment. The findings of this study will be relevant for planning the prevention of falls for cancer survivors.",
keywords = "cancer, oncology, physical function, physiotherapy, rehabilitation",
author = "Shinichiro Morishita and Yuta Mitobe and Atsuhiro Tsubaki and Osamu Aoki and Fu, {Jack B.} and Hideaki Onishi and Tetsuya Tsuji",
year = "2018",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1177/1534735418790387",
language = "English",
volume = "17",
pages = "1144--1149",
journal = "Integrative Cancer Therapies",
issn = "1534-7354",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Inc.",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Differences in Balance Function Between Cancer Survivors and Healthy Subjects

T2 - A Pilot Study

AU - Morishita, Shinichiro

AU - Mitobe, Yuta

AU - Tsubaki, Atsuhiro

AU - Aoki, Osamu

AU - Fu, Jack B.

AU - Onishi, Hideaki

AU - Tsuji, Tetsuya

PY - 2018/12/1

Y1 - 2018/12/1

N2 - Older adults who have survived cancer experience significantly more falls compared with healthy adults. Adult cancer survivors may also have a lower balance function than healthy adults. We examined muscle strength and balance function among 19 cancer survivors and 14 healthy subjects. The mean age of the cancer survivors was 51.5 ± 11.2 years; 6 men and 13 women. Cancer diagnoses included breast cancer, retroperitoneal sarcoma, acute leukemia, lung cancer, colorectal cancer, thyroid cancer, Ewing's sarcoma, and tongue cancer. The mean age of healthy subjects was 47.4 ± 14 years; 3 men, 11 women. Muscle strength was assessed using hand grip and knee extensor strength tests. Balance function was evaluated using the Timed Up and Go (TUG) test, and body sway was tested using a force platform. No significant differences were found with respect to right and left grip strength or right and left knee extension strength between the 2 groups. A significantly higher TUG time was observed in cancer survivors than in healthy subjects ( P < .05). With eyes open, the area of the center of pressure was significantly larger in cancer survivors than in healthy subjects ( P < .05). Similarly, the length per area was significantly lower both with eyes open and closed for cancer survivors than for healthy subjects ( P < .05). TUG was significantly correlated with muscle strength in both groups ( P < .05). However, no body sway parameters were related to muscle strength in either group. Cancer survivors had lower balance function that might not have been related to muscle strength. Cancer survivors should be evaluated for balance function as there is a potential for impairment. The findings of this study will be relevant for planning the prevention of falls for cancer survivors.

AB - Older adults who have survived cancer experience significantly more falls compared with healthy adults. Adult cancer survivors may also have a lower balance function than healthy adults. We examined muscle strength and balance function among 19 cancer survivors and 14 healthy subjects. The mean age of the cancer survivors was 51.5 ± 11.2 years; 6 men and 13 women. Cancer diagnoses included breast cancer, retroperitoneal sarcoma, acute leukemia, lung cancer, colorectal cancer, thyroid cancer, Ewing's sarcoma, and tongue cancer. The mean age of healthy subjects was 47.4 ± 14 years; 3 men, 11 women. Muscle strength was assessed using hand grip and knee extensor strength tests. Balance function was evaluated using the Timed Up and Go (TUG) test, and body sway was tested using a force platform. No significant differences were found with respect to right and left grip strength or right and left knee extension strength between the 2 groups. A significantly higher TUG time was observed in cancer survivors than in healthy subjects ( P < .05). With eyes open, the area of the center of pressure was significantly larger in cancer survivors than in healthy subjects ( P < .05). Similarly, the length per area was significantly lower both with eyes open and closed for cancer survivors than for healthy subjects ( P < .05). TUG was significantly correlated with muscle strength in both groups ( P < .05). However, no body sway parameters were related to muscle strength in either group. Cancer survivors had lower balance function that might not have been related to muscle strength. Cancer survivors should be evaluated for balance function as there is a potential for impairment. The findings of this study will be relevant for planning the prevention of falls for cancer survivors.

KW - cancer

KW - oncology

KW - physical function

KW - physiotherapy

KW - rehabilitation

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85056276102&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85056276102&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/1534735418790387

DO - 10.1177/1534735418790387

M3 - Article

C2 - 30043664

VL - 17

SP - 1144

EP - 1149

JO - Integrative Cancer Therapies

JF - Integrative Cancer Therapies

SN - 1534-7354

IS - 4

ER -