Different personalities between depression and anxiety

Eriko Tanaka, Shinji Sakamoto, Nobuhiko Kijima, Toshinori Kitamura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We examined the different personality dimensions between depression and anxiety with Cloninger's seven-factor model of temperament and character. The Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI), which measures four temperament and three character dimensions of Cloninger's personality theory (125-item short version), the Self-rating Depression Scale (SDS), and the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) were administered to 223 Japanese students. With hierarchical regression analysis, the SDS score was predicted by scores of Harm-Avoidance, Self-Directedness, and Self-Transcendence, even after controlling for the STAI score. The STAI score was predicted by scores of Self-Directedness and Cooperativeness, even after controlling for the SDS score. More importance should be attached to these dimensions of character because they might contribute to both depression and anxiety.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1043-1051
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Clinical Psychology
Volume54
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1998 Dec
Externally publishedYes

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Personality
Anxiety
Temperament
Depression
Equipment and Supplies
Regression Analysis
Students
Trait Anxiety
Rating

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

Different personalities between depression and anxiety. / Tanaka, Eriko; Sakamoto, Shinji; Kijima, Nobuhiko; Kitamura, Toshinori.

In: Journal of Clinical Psychology, Vol. 54, No. 8, 12.1998, p. 1043-1051.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Tanaka, Eriko ; Sakamoto, Shinji ; Kijima, Nobuhiko ; Kitamura, Toshinori. / Different personalities between depression and anxiety. In: Journal of Clinical Psychology. 1998 ; Vol. 54, No. 8. pp. 1043-1051.
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