Different strategy of hand choice after learning of constant and incremental dynamical perturbation in arm reaching

Chie Habagishi, Shoko Kasuga, Yohei Otaka, Meigen Liu, Junichi Ushiba

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In daily life, we encounter situations where we must quickly decide which hand to use for a motor action. Here, we investigated whether the hand chosen for a motor action varied over a short timescale (i.e., hours) with changes in arm dynamics. Participants performed a reaching task in which they moved a specified hand to reach a target on a virtual reality display. During the task, a resistive viscous force field was abruptly applied to only the dominant hand (DH). To evaluate changes in hand choice caused by this perturbation, participants performed an interleaved choice test in which they could freely choose either hand for reaching. Furthermore, to investigate the effect of temporal changes on arm dynamics and hand choice, we exposed the same participants to another condition in which the force field was introduced gradually. When the abrupt force was applied, use of the perturbed hand significantly decreased and not changed during the training. In contrast, when the incremental force was applied, use of the perturbed hand gradually decreased as force increased. Surprisingly, even though the final amount of force was identical between the two conditions, hand choice was significantly biased toward the unperturbed hand in the gradual condition. These results suggest that time-varying changes in arm dynamics may have a greater influence on hand choice than the amplitude of the resistant force itself.

Original languageEnglish
Article number92
JournalFrontiers in Human Neuroscience
Volume8
Issue number1 FEB
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Feb 24

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Keywords

  • Decision making
  • Energy expenditure
  • Force field
  • Hand bias
  • Motor learning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Neurology
  • Biological Psychiatry
  • Behavioral Neuroscience
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

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