### Abstract

We propose that an increasing value in entropy inequality is not a local value of entropy but an average value in a mesodomain. From this standpoint, new balance equations are obtained by applying the concept of generalized continuum mechanics to mass transfer. In the present paper, it is clarified that the influence of a mesoscopic gradient of mass concentration should be included in Pick's first law and Fourier's law. Even if thermal effects on diffusion are neglected, the diffusion equations obtained here are simultaneous differential equations with two undetermined values, which include the conventional diffusion equation as a special case. The conventional diffusion equation describing infinite velocity of propagation associated with diffusion entails a contradiction. The velocity of propagation defined here is shown in the results of a numerical analysis for an extreme initial state. Consequently, it is indicated that the present theory gives an acceptable solution to the above problem in the conven-tional theory.

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 84-96 |

Number of pages | 13 |

Journal | Heat Transfer - Asian Research |

Volume | 26 |

Issue number | 2 |

Publication status | Published - 1997 Dec 1 |

### Keywords

- Constitutive equation
- Diffusion
- Entropy
- Material design
- Micromechanics
- Nonequilibrium
- Nonlocality
- Polar materials
- Thermodynamics

### ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Condensed Matter Physics
- Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

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## Cite this

*Heat Transfer - Asian Research*,

*26*(2), 84-96.