Disaster preparedness: Looking through the lens of hospitals in Japan

Farah Mulyasari, Satomi Inoue, Sunil Prashar, Kenji Isayama, Mrittika Basu, Nitin Srivastava, Rajib Shaw

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

54 Citations (Scopus)


Critical facilities, such as hospitals, play a crucial role in the socioeconomic and psychological recovery of the population after a disaster. Hospitals are considered important due to their roles in saving lives in the affected population and must be able to withstand hazards and remain functioning during and after a disaster. This article assesses earthquake preparedness of hospitals in eight Japanese cities using a questionnaire survey. The questionnaire consists of six parameters and 21 indicators from the “four pillars of hospital preparedness” including structural, nonstructural, functional, and human resources. The results show that the majority of the respondent hospitals fulfill the functional preparedness, which is useful during the emergency period of a disaster, while the other three pillars-structural, nonstructural, and human resources-need to be strengthened. This study helps to assess the status of disaster preparedness as well as the gaps for these hospitals in the Tohoku and Nankai Trough regions, drawing lessons from the Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami of the Tohoku area. This status and the gaps are used as a departure point to indicate how to enhance preparedness and resilience to future disaster risks.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)89-100
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Disaster Risk Science
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes


  • Japan
  • earthquake preparedness
  • four pillars of hospital preparedness
  • urban hospitals

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Global and Planetary Change
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Safety Research
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


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