Lgr5 + intestinal stem cells generate enterocytes and secretory cells. Secretory lineage commitment requires Notch silencing. The Notch ligand Dll1 is expressed by a subset of immediate stem cell daughters. Lineage tracing in Dll1 GFP-ires-CreERT2 knock-in mice reveals that single Dll1 high cells generate small, short-lived clones containing all four secretory cell types. Lineage specification thus occurs in immediate stem cell daughters through Notch lateral inhibition. Cultured Dll1 high cells form long-lived organoids (mini-guts) on brief Wnt3A exposure. When Dll1 high cells are genetically marked before tissue damage, stem cell tracing events occur. Thus, secretory progenitors exhibit plasticity by regaining stemness on damage.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology