DNA-binding properties of iron(II) mixed-ligand complexes containing 1,10-phenanthroline and dipyrido[3,2-a:2′,3′-c]phenazine

Mudasir, Karna Wijaya, Daryono H. Tjahjono, Naoki Yoshioka, Hidenari Inoue

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


An iron(II) mixed-ligand complex with 1,10-phenanthroline (phen) and dipyrido[3,2-a:2′,3′-c]phenazine (dppz), [Fe(phen) 2(dppz)]2+, has been synthesized. The DNA-binding properties of the mixed-ligand complex have been studied in terms of equilibrium binding constant, thermodynamic parameter, thermal denaturation as well as Pfeiffer effect upon binding to DNA. The spectrophotometric titration of [Fe(phen)2(dppz)]2+ with calf thymus DNA (ct-DNA) has shown that the iron(II) mixed-ligand complex binds effectively to ct-DNA in an intercalation mode as indicated by remarkable hypochromicity (ca. 36%) and moderate bathochromic shift (8 nm) of the absorption spectra. This intercalative mode is supported by a significant increase (ΔTm = 21°C) in the melting temperature (Tm) of ct-DNA at R([complex]/[ct-DNA]) = 1.5. The binding of [Fe(phen)2(dppz)]2+ to ct-DNA is entropically driven as characterized by a positive enthalpy change and a large negative T Δ S term. An intense CD signal in the UV and visible region develops upon addition of ct-DNA to the racemate solution of [Fe(phen) 2(dppz)]2+. This has revealed that a shift in diastereomeric inversion equilibrium takes place in the solution to yield an excess of one enantiomer of the DNA-iron(II) complex (Pfeiffer effect). The striking resemblance of the CD spectral profiles to those of the corresponding Δ-enantiomer indicates that Δ-[Fe(phen)2(dppz)] 2+ is preferentially bound to ct-DNA.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)310-318
Number of pages9
JournalZeitschrift fur Naturforschung - Section B Journal of Chemical Sciences
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Mar


  • DNA Binding
  • Dppz
  • Iron(II)
  • Mixed Ligand Complex
  • Phenanthroline

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)


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