Does an altruist-detection cognitive mechanism function independently of a cheater-detection cognitive mechanism? Studies using Wason selection tasks

Ryo Oda, Kai Hiraishi, Akiko Matsumoto-Oda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Subjects performed four deontic Wason selection tasks in three experiments to investigate possible commonalities in people's performance in making logical inferences in social contexts. These tasks tested sensitivity to another party being an altruist, cheater or willing to share a resource and following a precaution rule in the context of danger. The results indicated no significant association between performance on the altruist detection and the cheater detection tasks. This result suggests that whatever the nature of the altruist-detection algorithm, it functions independently of the cheater-detection algorithm. The results also indicated significant associations between the cheater-detection task and the resource-sharing task. Possible mechanisms and functions of social intelligence suggested by these results are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)366-380
Number of pages15
JournalEvolution and Human Behavior
Volume27
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Sep
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Cognition
Emotional Intelligence
resources
performance
intelligence
experiment
resource
detection
Wason Selection Task
Resources

Keywords

  • Altruist detection
  • Cheater detection
  • Darwinian algorithm
  • Deontic reasoning
  • Wason selection task

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Development

Cite this

Does an altruist-detection cognitive mechanism function independently of a cheater-detection cognitive mechanism? Studies using Wason selection tasks. / Oda, Ryo; Hiraishi, Kai; Matsumoto-Oda, Akiko.

In: Evolution and Human Behavior, Vol. 27, No. 5, 09.2006, p. 366-380.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{398e7a28d9da4703b4fff05cfd113cdb,
title = "Does an altruist-detection cognitive mechanism function independently of a cheater-detection cognitive mechanism? Studies using Wason selection tasks",
abstract = "Subjects performed four deontic Wason selection tasks in three experiments to investigate possible commonalities in people's performance in making logical inferences in social contexts. These tasks tested sensitivity to another party being an altruist, cheater or willing to share a resource and following a precaution rule in the context of danger. The results indicated no significant association between performance on the altruist detection and the cheater detection tasks. This result suggests that whatever the nature of the altruist-detection algorithm, it functions independently of the cheater-detection algorithm. The results also indicated significant associations between the cheater-detection task and the resource-sharing task. Possible mechanisms and functions of social intelligence suggested by these results are discussed.",
keywords = "Altruist detection, Cheater detection, Darwinian algorithm, Deontic reasoning, Wason selection task",
author = "Ryo Oda and Kai Hiraishi and Akiko Matsumoto-Oda",
year = "2006",
month = "9",
doi = "10.1016/j.evolhumbehav.2006.03.002",
language = "English",
volume = "27",
pages = "366--380",
journal = "Evolution and Human Behavior",
issn = "1090-5138",
publisher = "Elsevier Inc.",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Does an altruist-detection cognitive mechanism function independently of a cheater-detection cognitive mechanism? Studies using Wason selection tasks

AU - Oda, Ryo

AU - Hiraishi, Kai

AU - Matsumoto-Oda, Akiko

PY - 2006/9

Y1 - 2006/9

N2 - Subjects performed four deontic Wason selection tasks in three experiments to investigate possible commonalities in people's performance in making logical inferences in social contexts. These tasks tested sensitivity to another party being an altruist, cheater or willing to share a resource and following a precaution rule in the context of danger. The results indicated no significant association between performance on the altruist detection and the cheater detection tasks. This result suggests that whatever the nature of the altruist-detection algorithm, it functions independently of the cheater-detection algorithm. The results also indicated significant associations between the cheater-detection task and the resource-sharing task. Possible mechanisms and functions of social intelligence suggested by these results are discussed.

AB - Subjects performed four deontic Wason selection tasks in three experiments to investigate possible commonalities in people's performance in making logical inferences in social contexts. These tasks tested sensitivity to another party being an altruist, cheater or willing to share a resource and following a precaution rule in the context of danger. The results indicated no significant association between performance on the altruist detection and the cheater detection tasks. This result suggests that whatever the nature of the altruist-detection algorithm, it functions independently of the cheater-detection algorithm. The results also indicated significant associations between the cheater-detection task and the resource-sharing task. Possible mechanisms and functions of social intelligence suggested by these results are discussed.

KW - Altruist detection

KW - Cheater detection

KW - Darwinian algorithm

KW - Deontic reasoning

KW - Wason selection task

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=33747191399&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=33747191399&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.evolhumbehav.2006.03.002

DO - 10.1016/j.evolhumbehav.2006.03.002

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:33747191399

VL - 27

SP - 366

EP - 380

JO - Evolution and Human Behavior

JF - Evolution and Human Behavior

SN - 1090-5138

IS - 5

ER -