Does behavior pattern influence blood pressure in the current cultural context of japan?

Susumu Fukita, Hiromi Kawasaki, Satoko Yamasaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Type A behavior pattern has been presented as a risk for coronary heart disease and defined as a psychological-behavioral construct. This study aimed to identify the influence of type A behavior pattern on blood pressure in the current cultural context of Japan. Methods: This study utilized a cross-sectional design. Self-administered questionnaires were distributed to community residents aged 40-59 yr in western Japan from Aug to Sep 2017. The data included participant’s demographic information (including socioeconomic variables); information related to blood pressure, type A behavior pattern, psychological factors, and health-related behaviors. Logistic regression was used to identify the influence of type A behavior pattern on systolic blood pressure after adjusting for behavioral, psychological, and socioeconomic factors. Results: The sample included 362 participants with a mean age of 51.5 years (SD = 5.96); 148 (41.2%) men. A logistic regression demonstrated that type A behavior pattern was negatively associated with systolic blood pressure (OR = 0.43, 95% CI [0.22, 0.83]) after adjusting for sex and age. Similar results were observed after adjusting for other covariates. Conclusion: There may be a negative association between type A behavior pattern and systolic blood pressure among adults living in the current cultural context of Japan.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)701-709
Number of pages9
JournalIranian Journal of Public Health
Volume50
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Blood pressure
  • Communities
  • Coronary prone behavior
  • Culture
  • Middle age

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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