Does severe anemia caused by dose-dense paclitaxel-carboplatin combination therapy have an effect on the survival of patients with epithelial ovarian cancer? Retrospective analysis of the Japanese gynecologic oncology group 3016 trial

Seisuke Kumagai, Toru Sugiyama, Tadahiro Shoji, Hirofumi Michimae, Noriyuki Katsumata, Daisuke Aoki, Fumitoshi Terauchi, Toshiko Jobo, Kazunori Ochiai, Makoto Yasuda

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7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: To evaluate the incidence of anemia in patients with epithelial ovarian cancer receiving paclitaxel-carboplatin combination therapy (TC) using data from the Japanese Gynecologic Oncology Group (JGOG) 3016 trial, and to examine the effect of severe anemia on survival during dose-dense TC. Methods: Retrospective analysis was conducted in patients enrolled in the JGOG 3016 trial who underwent at least one cycle of the protocol therapy (n = 622). Hemoglobin values at enrollment and during each cycle of TC were collected. One-to-one matching was performed between patients with and patients without grade 3/4 anemia during TC (anemia and nonanemia groups) to adjust the baseline characteristics of the patients. The cumulative survival curve and median progression-free survival were estimated using the Kaplan- Meier method. Results: Grades 2 to 4 anemia was observed in 19.8% of patients before first-line TC. The incidence of grade 3/4 anemia rapidly increased to 56.1% after the fourth cycle of dosedense TC. After matching, the median progression-free survival in the anemia (hemoglobin <8.0 g/dL) and nonanemia (hemoglobin >8.0 g/dL) groups was 777 and 1100 days, respectively (P = 0.3493) for patients receiving dose-dense TC. The median progression-free survival in patients receiving conventional TC was similar between the 2 groups. Conclusions: The difference in progression-free survival between patients with epithelial ovarian cancer with and those without severe anemia during TC was not statistically significant, but for patients receiving dose-dense TC, severe anemia seems to have prognostic relevance. Prospective trials are needed to investigate whether the optimal management of chemotherapy-induced anemia, including appropriate use of erythropoiesis-stimulating agents, would further improve the survival of patients with ovarian cancer receiving dose-dense TC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1585-1591
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Gynecological Cancer
Volume21
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Dec 1

Keywords

  • Anemia
  • Chemotherapy
  • Hemoglobin
  • Ovarian cancer
  • Survival

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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