Dose-finding phase I study of simultaneous weekly infusion with doxorubicin and docetaxel in patients with advanced breast cancer

Y. Ito, K. Aiba, N. Horikoshi, T. Saotome, T. Irie, K. Sugiyama, M. Nakane, D. Hashimoto, N. Yoshida, N. Mizunuma, S. Takahashi, Y. Tanigawara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background. Combination therapy with doxorubicin (DOX) and docetaxel (DOC), given 3 weeks apart, is one of the standard regimens used for treating metastatic breast cancer, but it frequently generates febrile neutropenia. To find a safer regimen with less myelotoxicity and the appropriate dose intensity, we conducted a phase I study of simultaneous weekly infusion with DOX and DOC. Methods. Twenty-five patients with advanced breast cancer were treated with an intravenous push-injection of DOX that was immediately followed by a 1-h infusion of DOC. This was repeated every week for at least 6 weeks. The premedication employed was three 4-mg doses of dexamethasone every week. Patients were divided into four groups for which the doses of DOX and DOC were escalated in 5-mg/m2 increments. Results. In the 18 patients who were treated with DOX 15 or 20 mg/m2 and DOC 25 mg/m2, or lower, the regimen was found to be tolerable, without febrile episodes. The regimen with 20 mg/m2 of DOX and 30 mg/m2 of DOC was the maximum tolerated dose. Other indications of grade 3 toxicity included asthenia in 4% of patients, anorexia in 8%, and vomiting in 8%. Of the 25 patients, 14 had a partial response. The overall response rate was 56% (95% confidence interval [CI], 35% to 77%). The recommended dose for further trial was 20 mg/m2 of DOX and 25 mg/m2 of DOC. Conclusion. Simultaneous weekly infusion with DOX and DOC was feasible, with modest neutropenia and preserved dose intensity. This regimen may be helpful in the management of patients with advanced breast cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)242-247
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Clinical Oncology
Volume6
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001 Jan 1

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • Breast cancer
  • Combination
  • Docetaxel
  • Doxorubicin
  • Neutropenia
  • Weekly

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Hematology
  • Oncology

Cite this

Ito, Y., Aiba, K., Horikoshi, N., Saotome, T., Irie, T., Sugiyama, K., Nakane, M., Hashimoto, D., Yoshida, N., Mizunuma, N., Takahashi, S., & Tanigawara, Y. (2001). Dose-finding phase I study of simultaneous weekly infusion with doxorubicin and docetaxel in patients with advanced breast cancer. International Journal of Clinical Oncology, 6(5), 242-247. https://doi.org/10.1007/PL00012112