Purpose: To investigate initial chromatid breaks in prematurely condensed G2 chromosomes following exposure to heavy ions of different LET. Material and methods: Exponentially growing human fibroblast cells AG 1522 were irradiated with γ-rays, energetic carbon (13 keV/μm, 80 keV/μm), silicon (55keV/μm) and iron (140 keV/μm, 185 keV/μm, 440 keV/μm) ions. Chromosomes were prematurely condensed using calyculin-A. Initial chromatid-type and isochromatid breaks in G2 cells were scored. Results: The dose-response curves for total chromatid breaks were linear regardless of radiation type. The relative biological effectiveness (RBE) showed a LET-dependent increase, peaking around 2.7 at 55-80 keV/μm and decreasing at higher LET. The dose - response curves for isochromatid-type breaks were linear for high-LET radiations, but linear-quadratic for γ-rays and 13 keV/μm carbon ions. The RBE for the induction of isochromatid breaks obtained from linear components increased rapidly between 13 keV/μm (about 7) and 80 keV/μm carbon (about 71), and decreased gradually until 440 keV/μm iron ions (about 66). Conclusions: High-LET radiations are more effective at inducing isochromatid breaks, while low-LET radiations are more effective at inducing chromatid-type breaks. The densely ionizing track structures of heavy ions and the proximity of sister chromatids in G2 cells result in an increase in isochromatid breaks.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging