Droplet-based lipid bilayer system integrated with microfluidic channels for solution exchange

Yutaro Tsuji, Ryuji Kawano, Toshihisa Osaki, Koki Kamiya, Norihisa Miki, Shoji Takeuchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper proposes a solution exchange of a droplet-based lipid bilayer system, in which the inner solution of a droplet is replaced for the purpose of efficient ion channel analyses. In our previous report, we successfully recorded the channel conductance of alpha-hemolysin in a bilayer lipid membrane using a droplet contact method that can create a spontaneous lipid bilayer at the interface of contacting droplets; this method is widely used as highly efficient method for preparing planar lipid membranes. When only pipetting droplets of the solution, this method is highly efficient for preparing lipid membranes. However, the drawback of droplet-based systems is their inability to exchange the solution within the droplets. To study the effect of inhibitors and promoters of ion channels in drug discovery, it would be beneficial to conduct a solution exchange of droplets to introduce membrane proteins and to apply or wash-out the chemicals. In this study, we propose a droplet contact method that allows for the solution exchange of droplets via microfluidic channels. We experimentally and numerically investigated the bilayer stability with respect to exchanging flow rates, and then demonstrated a binding assay of an alpha-hemolysin using one of its blockers. The solution exchange in this system was conducted in less than 20 s without rupturing the membrane. We believe that the proposed system will enhance the efficiency of ion channel analyses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1476-1481
Number of pages6
JournalLab on a Chip - Miniaturisation for Chemistry and Biology
Volume13
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Fingerprint

Lipid bilayers
Microfluidics
Lipid Bilayers
Ion exchange
Membrane Lipids
Ion Channels
Hemolysin Proteins
Contacts (fluid mechanics)
Ions
Drug Discovery
Membranes
Membrane Proteins
Assays
Flow rate
Proteins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Bioengineering
  • Biomedical Engineering

Cite this

Droplet-based lipid bilayer system integrated with microfluidic channels for solution exchange. / Tsuji, Yutaro; Kawano, Ryuji; Osaki, Toshihisa; Kamiya, Koki; Miki, Norihisa; Takeuchi, Shoji.

In: Lab on a Chip - Miniaturisation for Chemistry and Biology, Vol. 13, No. 8, 2013, p. 1476-1481.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Tsuji, Yutaro ; Kawano, Ryuji ; Osaki, Toshihisa ; Kamiya, Koki ; Miki, Norihisa ; Takeuchi, Shoji. / Droplet-based lipid bilayer system integrated with microfluidic channels for solution exchange. In: Lab on a Chip - Miniaturisation for Chemistry and Biology. 2013 ; Vol. 13, No. 8. pp. 1476-1481.
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