Drought risk reduction through a socio-economic, institutional and physical approach in the northwestern region of Bangladesh

Umma Habiba, Rajib Shaw, Yukiko Takeuchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In Bangladesh, drought is seasonal and can destroy crops, causing hardship to poor agricultural labourers and others who cannot find alternative sources of income. Droughts most commonly affect the northwestern region, which generally has less rainfall than the rest of the country. In this context, this study attempts to measure the existing level of drought resilience with indicators related to Socio-economic, Institutional and Physical (SIP) conditions in two of the most drought-prone districts, namely Rajshahi and Chapai-Nawabganj. The results of 14 sub-districts (upazilas) show a variation of 2.41 (lowest resilience) and 3.61 (highest resilience) in a scale of 1-5. Some of the critical areas that need improvement include education and awareness, conflict resolution on water usage, policy enhancement, coordination among different stakeholders and proper land-use pattern. SIP methodology can be used as a rapid planning tool at the district level, and as a micro-level planning and improvement tool at the sub-district level. The tool has potential application for a participatory and process-based approach of engaging local stakeholders in minimizing drought risks in future.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)121-138
Number of pages18
JournalEnvironmental Hazards
Volume10
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Jun 29
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Bangladesh
  • Drought
  • Northwestern region
  • Resilience
  • SIP approach

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Global and Planetary Change
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Development
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Sociology and Political Science

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