Dry eye disease and work productivity loss in visual display users

The Osaka study

Miki Uchino, Yuichi Uchino, Murat Dogru, Motoko Kawashima, Norihiko Yokoi, Aoi Komuro, Yukiko Sonomura, Hiroaki Kato, Shigeru Kinoshita, Debra A. Schaumberg, Kazuo Tsubota

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

64 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose To estimate the impact of dry eye disease (DED) on work performance and productivity in office workers using visual display terminals (VDTs). Design Cross-sectional study. Methods Six hundred seventy-two Japanese young and middle-aged office workers using VDTs completed a questionnaire that was designed to measured at-work performance deficits and productivity losses using the Japanese version of the Work Limitations Questionnaire, completed by e-mail. Using the Japanese dry eye diagnostic criteria, respondents were classified into 3 groups: definite DED, probable DED, and non DED. Results Of the 672 office workers, 553 subjects (82.3%), including 366 men and 187 women, completed the questionnaire and underwent clinical evaluation. As for the total workplace productivity loss, the non DED group demonstrated a loss of 3.56%, those with probable DED demonstrated a loss of 4.06%, and those with definite DED demonstrated a loss of 4.82%, indicating significantly worse performance and productivity (P =.014, trend test). For the 4 subscales, DED was associated with significantly lower on-the-job time management (P =.009, trend test) and combined mental performance and interpersonal functioning (P =.011, trend test). After controlling for age, sex, VDT working hours, and diagnosis of DED, time management, physical demands, and mental and interpersonal functioning showed a significant relationship to DED (each P >.05). Annual DED productivity losses were estimated to be $6160 per employee when measured by total production and $1178 per employee calculated by wage. Conclusions This study indicated that there is a significant impact of DED on the total productivity of Japanese VDT users.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)294-300
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Ophthalmology
Volume157
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Feb

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Eye Diseases
Efficiency
Time Management
Intelligence Tests
Salaries and Fringe Benefits
Postal Service
Disease Management
Workplace
Cross-Sectional Studies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

Cite this

Dry eye disease and work productivity loss in visual display users : The Osaka study. / Uchino, Miki; Uchino, Yuichi; Dogru, Murat; Kawashima, Motoko; Yokoi, Norihiko; Komuro, Aoi; Sonomura, Yukiko; Kato, Hiroaki; Kinoshita, Shigeru; Schaumberg, Debra A.; Tsubota, Kazuo.

In: American Journal of Ophthalmology, Vol. 157, No. 2, 02.2014, p. 294-300.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Uchino, M, Uchino, Y, Dogru, M, Kawashima, M, Yokoi, N, Komuro, A, Sonomura, Y, Kato, H, Kinoshita, S, Schaumberg, DA & Tsubota, K 2014, 'Dry eye disease and work productivity loss in visual display users: The Osaka study', American Journal of Ophthalmology, vol. 157, no. 2, pp. 294-300. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajo.2013.10.014
Uchino, Miki ; Uchino, Yuichi ; Dogru, Murat ; Kawashima, Motoko ; Yokoi, Norihiko ; Komuro, Aoi ; Sonomura, Yukiko ; Kato, Hiroaki ; Kinoshita, Shigeru ; Schaumberg, Debra A. ; Tsubota, Kazuo. / Dry eye disease and work productivity loss in visual display users : The Osaka study. In: American Journal of Ophthalmology. 2014 ; Vol. 157, No. 2. pp. 294-300.
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