Dynamic behavior of clathrate hydrate growth in gas/liquid/liquid system

Yosuke Ishida, Yusuke Takahashi, Ryo Ohmura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Variation in crystal growth behavior of clathrate hydrate depending on the temperature and pressure was visually demonstrated in the krypton-gas/liquid- cyclopentane/liquid-water system, which is expected to be a working medium of highly efficient hydrate-based heat pumps. The experiments were conducted at 28 different temperature-pressure conditions in the range from 279.0 to 299.7 K and from 0.59 to 6.44 MPa. It was found that the behavior of the hydrate crystal growth in this three-component system can be classified into three modes, which we called "cover", "expansion", and "line", depending on the temperature and pressure. The descriptions of the three types are summarized as follows. Cover: the first hydrate crystals were observed at the water droplet surface and then grew to form a polycrystalline layer covering the surface. After the coverage, no more remarkable hydrate crystal growth was observed. Expansion: the first crystals were observed on the water droplet surface and grew not only along the surface but also toward the gas phase. They continued to grow as if the water droplet expanded even after the complete coverage. Line: the first hydrate crystals were observed at the three-phase interfacial line and grew along the line. Finally, they grew to spread radially from the line.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3271-3277
Number of pages7
JournalCrystal Growth and Design
Volume12
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Jun 6

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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