We perform pulsed optically detected electron spin resonance to measure the DC magnetic field sensitivity and electronic spin coherence time T2 of an ensemble of near-surface, high-density nitrogen-vacancy centers engineered to have a narrow magnetic resonance linewidth. Combining pulsed spectroscopy with dynamic nuclear polarization, we obtain the photon-shot-noise-limited DC magnetic sensitivity of 35 nT Hz−0.5. We find that T2 is controlled by instantaneous diffusion, enabling decoherence spectroscopy on residual nitrogen impurity spins in the diamond lattice and a quantitative determination of their density. The demonstrated high DC magnetic sensitivity and decoherence spectroscopy are expected to broaden the application range for two-dimensional magnetic imaging.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)