Early damaged area estimation system using DMSP-OLS night-time imagery

M. Kohiyama, H. Hayashi, N. Maki, M. Higashida, H. W. Kroehl, C. D. Elvidge, V. R. Hobson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

57 Citations (Scopus)


The disaster information system, the Early Damaged Area Estimation System (EDES), was developed to estimate damaged areas of natural disaster using the night-time imagery of the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program Operational Linescan System (DMSP-OLS). The system employs two estimation methods to detect the city lights loss or reduction as possible impacted areas; one is the bi-temporal images (BTI) method and the other is the time-series images (TSI) method. Both methods are based on significance tests assuming that brightness of city lights fluctuates as normal random variables, and the BTI method is simplified by introducing the assumption that the standard deviation of city lights fluctuation is constant. The validity of the estimation method is discussed based on the result of the application to the 2001 Western India earthquake disaster. The estimation results identify the damaged areas distant from the epicentre fairly well, especially when using the TSI method. The system is designed to estimate the global urban damage and to provide geographic information through the Internet within 24 h after a severe disaster event. The information is expected to support the disaster response and relief activities of governments and non-governmental organizations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2015-2036
Number of pages22
JournalInternational Journal of Remote Sensing
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Jun 10
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)


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