In this study, eco-efficiency assessment by industry was conducted uniformly for all Japanese municipalities based on indicators of both economic value and environmental load. For these, the respective indicators were gross regional product and amount of environmental damage calculated by the endpoint-type life cycle impact assessment method “LIME2.” Based on reliable, verifiable, and comparable statistical information, eco-efficiency was calculated to be 69.8 for all industries throughout Japan in 2015. The assessment results of all municipalities were placed on a map to visualize the regionality of eco-efficiency, which revealed industry trends nationwide.
- Added value
- Environmental impact assessment
- Local government
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Environmental Engineering