Because excessive neutrophil elastase (NE) activity is involved in the pathogenesis of acute lung injury, we speculated that administering anti-NE might prevent lung injury. In a guinea pig model of acute lung injury induced by Escherichia coli endotoxin (lipopolysaccharide [LPS]), we investigated the effect of ONO-5046, a low-molecular-weight and specific inhibitor of NE. ONO- 5046 produced concentration-dependent inhibition of guinea pig NE, whereas there were no inhibitory effects on neutrophil chemotaxis or the expression of adhesion molecules in endothelial cells. Detectable NE activity in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid was present in the LPS-alone group. No NE activity in BAL fluid was detected in the LPS + ONO-5046 groups. Neutrophil counts in BAL fluid, the lung tissue wet to dry weight ratio, and the lung tissue or BAL fluid to plasma ratio of 125I-albumin were increased in the LPS-alone group as compared with the saline group (p < 0.05). In the LPS + ONO-5046 group, neutrophil counts in BAL fluid, the lung tissue wet to dry weight ratio and BAL fluid to plasma ratio of 125I-albumin were decreased as compared with the LPS-alone group (p < 0.05). These data suggest that ONO- 5046 can attenuate LPS-induced acute lung injury.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine|
|Publication status||Published - 1996 Jan 1|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine