Effect of body mass index on surgical times of lumbar laminoplasty and lower limb arthroplasties

Kengo Harato, Mitsuru Yagi, Nobuyuki Fujita, Shu Kobayashi, Akihito Ohya, Kazuya Kaneda, Yu Iwama, Masaya Nakamura, Morio Matsumoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Obesity is an important factor affecting incidence and development of musculoskeletal degenerative changes. In addition, obese patients are considered less favorable surgical candidates for decompression surgery in degenerative lumbar spinal canal stenosis and lower limb arthroplasty. The purpose was to assess disease characteristics of lumbar spinal canal stenosis as well as lower limb osteoarthritis, and to investigate surgical times based on body mass index (BMI) in lumbar decompressive surgery and lower limb arthroplasties. Methods: A total of 1161 patients with a diagnosis of lumbar canal stenosis (LCS), hip osteoarthritis (HOA) and knee osteoarthritis (KOA) were enrolled. The present investigation was conducted as a retrospective study using routinely collected data. All patients underwent primary decompressive surgery (laminoplasty: LAM) or lower limb arthroplasty (total hip arthroplasty: THA and total knee arthroplasty: TKA). All of the patients were divided into 3 groups based on BMI (kg/m2) (Group A: ≤ 24.9; Group B: 25-29.9; Group C: ≥ 30) within each disease category. To assess disease characteristics, age, gender, and BMI were evaluated for each disease category. Moreover, surgical times for LAM, THA and TKA were also assessed based on BMI classification. Results: A total of 269, 470, and 422 patients were allocated to the HOA category, the KOA category, and the LCS category, respectively. The KOA category included the oldest patients and largest BMI, compared to the HOA and the LCS categories. Regarding gender difference, LCS was more common in males than in females, while opposite phenomenon was observed in the HOA and the KOA categories. The heaviest group (Group C) was significantly younger than Groups A or B in TKA and LAM. Surgical time was significantly longer in patients with overweight or obese patients than in those with normal weight in TKA and LAM, while BMI didn't affect the time in THA. Conclusions: Disease characteristics of the KOA category and the LCS category were notably affected by BMI, and surgical times in TKA and LAM were significantly longer for overweight or obese patients, whereas THA was less affected by BMI concerning disease characteristics and surgical time.

Original languageEnglish
Article number416
JournalBMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Volume20
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Sep 6

Keywords

  • Degenerative disease
  • Lumbar canal stenosis
  • Obesity
  • Operation time
  • Osteoarthritis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rheumatology
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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