Effect of chronic ethanol feeding on endotoxininduced hepatic injury: Role of adhesion molecules on leukocytes and hepatic sinusoid

E. Ohki, S. Kato, H. Ohgo, T. Mizukami, M. Fukuda, H. Tamai, Y. Okamura, M. Matsumoto, H. Suzuki, H. Yokoyama, H. Ishii

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Abstract

Endotoxin is postulated to be an important aggravating factor for alcoholic liver disease. We have previously reported that rats fed ethanol are more vulnerable to endotoxin-induced liver damage, and hepatic microcirculatory disturbance plays an important role for this liver damage by observation with an intravital microscopy. In this study, we have investigated the role of adhesion molecules in endotoxin-induced microcirculatory disturbance in chronic ethanol-fed rats. Male Wistar rats were pair-fed with ethanol liquid diet {ethanol ! group) or an isocaloric control diet (control group) for 6 weeks. Leu! kocyte adherence to the hepatic sinusoid by stimulation with lipo| polysaccharides (1 mg/kg of body weight) was observed by an inverted fluorescence microscopy equipped with a silicon-intensified target camera and was found to be enhanced in ethanol-fed rats. Tumor necrosis factor-and GRO/CINC-1 (rat counterpart of interleukin-8) was increased in the blood in these animals. Subsequent expression of adhesion molecules, LFA-1 -chain on leukocytes were demonstrated by flow cytometry, which suggests a possible involvement of leukocyte adherence to the hepatic damage in ethanol-fed animals. Preadministration of anti-rat LFA-1 0-chain monoclonal antibody effectively suppressed leukocyte adherence to the hepatic sinusoid. These results suggest that the enhanced sequestration of neutrophils to the liver with these adhesion molecules may play a significant role in the pathogenesis of alcoholic liver disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)129S-132S
JournalAlcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research
Volume22
Issue number3 SUPPL. 1
Publication statusPublished - 1998 Jan 1

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Keywords

  • Adhesion molecules
  • Endotoxin
  • Ethanol
  • Lipopolysaccharides
  • Microcirculation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Toxicology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Ohki, E., Kato, S., Ohgo, H., Mizukami, T., Fukuda, M., Tamai, H., Okamura, Y., Matsumoto, M., Suzuki, H., Yokoyama, H., & Ishii, H. (1998). Effect of chronic ethanol feeding on endotoxininduced hepatic injury: Role of adhesion molecules on leukocytes and hepatic sinusoid. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 22(3 SUPPL. 1), 129S-132S.