Effect of cytochalasin D on the growth, encystation, and multinucleation of Entamoeba invadens

Asao Makioka, Masahiro Kumagai, Hiroshi Ohtomo, Seiki Kobayashi, Tsutomu Takeuchi

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10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effect of cytochalasin D, a specific inhibitor of microfilaments, on the growth, encystation, and multinucleation of Entamoeba invadens was examined. Cytochalasin D blocked the growth of axenic E. invadens strain IP-1 in a dose-dependent manner, which suggests that the drug is effective against this species of Entamoeba as well as against E. histolytica strain HM1: IMSS as previously demonstrated. Encystation of E. invadens as induced in vitro was also inhibited by cytochalasin D. This is the first evidence of the participation of microfilaments in the encystation process. Concentrations of cytochalasin D effective for the inhibition of encystation were lower than those effective for the inhibition of growth. Trophozoites grown with cytochalasin D became multinucleate; more than three nuclei per cell were observed in 71% of trophozoites grown in the presence of the drug as opposed to only 5% of those grown in the absence of the drug. Also, trophozoites grown with cytochalasin D produced multinucleate cysts following their transfer to encystation medium. Encystation with cytochalasin D was more strongly inhibited among trophozoites grown in the presence of the drug than among those grown in the absence of the drug. Also, encystation without cytochalasin D was less frequently observed among trophozoites grown in the presence of the drug than among those grown in the absence of the drug. Thus, the multinucleation of trophozoites induced by cytochalasin D had an inhibitory effect on their encystation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)599-602
Number of pages4
JournalParasitology Research
Volume86
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2000 Jan 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • veterinary(all)
  • Insect Science
  • Infectious Diseases

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