Effect of denosumab on Japanese patients with rheumatoid arthritis: A dose-response study of AMG 162 (Denosumab) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis on methotrexate to validate inhibitory effect on bone erosion (DRIVE) - A 12-month, multicentre, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase II clinical trial

Tsutomu Takeuchi, Yoshiya Tanaka, Naoki Ishiguro, Hisashi Yamanaka, Toshiyuki Yoneda, Takeshi Ohira, Naoki Okubo, Harry K. Genant, Désirée Van Der Heijde

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

75 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives To evaluate efficacy and safety of three different regimens of denosumab, a fully human monoclonal antibody to receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa B (RANK) ligand (RANKL), for Japanese patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Methods In this multicentre, randomised, placebocontrolled phase II study, 350 Japanese patients with RA between 6 months and <5 years, stratified by glucocorticoid use and rheumatoid factor status, were randomly assigned to subcutaneous injections of placebo or denosumab 60 mg every 6 months (Q6M), every 3 months (Q3M) or every 2 months (Q2M). All patients basically continued methotrexate treatment and had a supplement of calcium and vitamin D throughout the study. The primary endpoint was change in the modified Sharp erosion score from baseline to 12 months. Results Denosumab significantly inhibited the progression of bone erosion at 12 months compared with the placebo, and the mean changes of the modified Sharp erosion score at 12 months from baseline were 0.99, 0.27 (compared with placebo, p=0.0082), 0.14 (p=0.0036) and 0.09 (p<0.0001) in the placebo, Q6M, Q3M and Q2M, respectively. Secondary endpoint analysis revealed that denosumab also significantly inhibited the increase of the modified total Sharp score compared with the placebo, with no obvious evidence of an effect on joint space narrowing for denosumab. As shown in previous studies, denosumab increased bone mineral density. No apparent difference was observed in the safety profiles of denosumab and placebo. Conclusions Addition of denosumab to methotrexate has potential as a new therapeutic option for patients with RA with risk factors of joint destruction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)983-990
Number of pages8
JournalAnnals of the rheumatic diseases
Volume75
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jun

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Rheumatology
  • Immunology
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Effect of denosumab on Japanese patients with rheumatoid arthritis: A dose-response study of AMG 162 (Denosumab) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis on methotrexate to validate inhibitory effect on bone erosion (DRIVE) - A 12-month, multicentre, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase II clinical trial'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this