Background-The prognostic relevance of plasma volume reduction (PVR) in acute heart failure patients remains unclear because of the confounding hemodynamic effect of left ventricular ejection fraction impairment on kidney function. Methods and Results-Subjects enrolled in the West Tokyo Heart Failure Registry were examined. The PV at admission and discharge was estimated from the subjects' body weight and its deviation from the ideal body weight. Patients in the top tertile of estimated PVR were classified as PVR+. Of the 381 patients with acute heart failure, 181 (47.5%) had heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). Estimated PVR was associated with worsening renal function in the HFpEF (odds ratio, 3.28; 95% confidence interval, 1.55-6.96; P=0.002) but not in the heart failure with reduced ejection fraction cohort (odds ratio, 1.22; 95% confidence interval, 0.61-2.42; P=0.57). This association in the HFpEF cohort remained significant after adjusting for a history of hypertension and diabetes mellitus and the estimated glomerular filtration rate (odds ratio, 3.34; 95% confidence interval, 1.52-7.33; P=0.003). The use of intravenous diuretics was a significant predictor of PVR in the HFpEF and heart failure with reduced ejection fraction groups. Conclusions-The effect of estimated PVR differs by HF type, and the estimated PVR during hospitalization is a predictor of worsening renal function in patients with HFpEF but not in heart failure with reduced ejection fraction. Clinical Trial Registration-URL: http://www.umin.ac.jp/ctr/index-j.html. Unique identifier: UMIN000001549.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Circulation: Heart Failure|
|Publication status||Published - 2015 May 4|
- heart failure
- heart failure, diastolic
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine