Effect of proteasome inhibitors on the growth, encystation, and excystation of Entamoeba histolytica and Entamoeba invadens

Asao Makioka, Masahiro Kumagai, Hiroshi Ohtomo, Seiki Kobayashi, Tsutomu Takeuchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effect of three proteasome inhibitors, lactacystin, clasto-lactacystin β-lactone, and MG-132, on the growth, encystation, and excystation of Entamoeba histolytica and Entamoeba invadens was examined. All of these drugs blocked E. histolytica growth in a concentration-dependent manner; lactacystin was most potent for the inhibition and MG-132 showed the inhibitory effect only at higher concentrations. E. invadens was more resistant to these drugs than E. histolytica. Encystation of E. invadens was also inhibited and was more sensitive to the drugs than was growth. β-Lactone was the most potent encystation inhibitor. The inhibitory effect of lactacystin and the β-lactone on encystation was slightly and little abrogated by the removal of the drug, respectively. Multinucleation occurred in E. histolytica trophozoites treated with these drugs, being most marked with lactacystin. In contrast, no multinucleation was observed in E. invadens treated with the drugs. Electron microscopy revealed that the treatment of E. histolytica trophozoites with lactacystin led to an increase in the number of cells with many glycogen granules in the cytoplasm. Lactacystin, β-lactone and MG-132 had no or little effect on the excystation and metacystic development of E. invadens. These results suggest that proteasome function plays an important role for Entamoeba growth and encystation, but has no obvious effect on excystation or metacystic development.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)454-459
Number of pages6
JournalParasitology Research
Volume88
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002 Apr 27

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • veterinary(all)
  • Insect Science
  • Infectious Diseases

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