Effect of total rubber content on ductility of polypropylene blended with bimodal distribution of styrene-ethylene-butadiene-styrene particle size

Hiroyuki Mae, Masaki Omiya, Kikuo Kishimoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The objective is to characterize the effects of total rubber amount on the mechanical properties of the thermo-plastic polypropylene blended with two different styrene-ethylene-butadiene-styrene tri-block copolymer (SEBS) at the intermediate and high strain rates. PP and two types of SEBS were blended so that the total rubber amounts were 10 and 20 wt% against PP by the two-step blending procedure. Tensile tests are conducted at the nominal strain rates from 3 × 10-1 to 102s_1. Phase morphology is investigated to estimate the bi-modal rubber particle size distribution. In addition, the fracture surfaces were observed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) in order to understand the difference of the toughening mechanism for PP toughened with the bimodal rubber particle size distribution in PP and SEBS blends at various total rubber contents. The large material ductility is obtained in the fracture mechanism of craze bands. The craze bands are obtained in the blend whose total SEBS content is larger than 20 wt%. In addition, the weight ratio of small SEBS particles against total SEBS particles is larger than 20% and the inter-particle distance of large SEBS particles ranging between 100 and 300nm are additional condition for crazes bands. The synergistic effect of these rubber particles gives rise to a strong increase in the ductility of these bimodal rubber-particle distributed polypropylene systems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)951-958
Number of pages8
JournalZairyo/Journal of the Society of Materials Science, Japan
Volume57
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Sep
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Styrene
Polypropylenes
Rubber
butadiene
ductility
Butadiene
polypropylene
rubber
styrenes
Ductility
Ethylene
ethylene
Particle size
particle size distribution
Particle size analysis
strain rate
Strain rate
Toughening
tensile tests
1,3-butadiene

Keywords

  • Crazing
  • Mechanical properties
  • Particle size distribution
  • Polypropylene
  • TEM
  • Toughening

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

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abstract = "The objective is to characterize the effects of total rubber amount on the mechanical properties of the thermo-plastic polypropylene blended with two different styrene-ethylene-butadiene-styrene tri-block copolymer (SEBS) at the intermediate and high strain rates. PP and two types of SEBS were blended so that the total rubber amounts were 10 and 20 wt{\%} against PP by the two-step blending procedure. Tensile tests are conducted at the nominal strain rates from 3 × 10-1 to 102s_1. Phase morphology is investigated to estimate the bi-modal rubber particle size distribution. In addition, the fracture surfaces were observed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) in order to understand the difference of the toughening mechanism for PP toughened with the bimodal rubber particle size distribution in PP and SEBS blends at various total rubber contents. The large material ductility is obtained in the fracture mechanism of craze bands. The craze bands are obtained in the blend whose total SEBS content is larger than 20 wt{\%}. In addition, the weight ratio of small SEBS particles against total SEBS particles is larger than 20{\%} and the inter-particle distance of large SEBS particles ranging between 100 and 300nm are additional condition for crazes bands. The synergistic effect of these rubber particles gives rise to a strong increase in the ductility of these bimodal rubber-particle distributed polypropylene systems.",
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AB - The objective is to characterize the effects of total rubber amount on the mechanical properties of the thermo-plastic polypropylene blended with two different styrene-ethylene-butadiene-styrene tri-block copolymer (SEBS) at the intermediate and high strain rates. PP and two types of SEBS were blended so that the total rubber amounts were 10 and 20 wt% against PP by the two-step blending procedure. Tensile tests are conducted at the nominal strain rates from 3 × 10-1 to 102s_1. Phase morphology is investigated to estimate the bi-modal rubber particle size distribution. In addition, the fracture surfaces were observed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) in order to understand the difference of the toughening mechanism for PP toughened with the bimodal rubber particle size distribution in PP and SEBS blends at various total rubber contents. The large material ductility is obtained in the fracture mechanism of craze bands. The craze bands are obtained in the blend whose total SEBS content is larger than 20 wt%. In addition, the weight ratio of small SEBS particles against total SEBS particles is larger than 20% and the inter-particle distance of large SEBS particles ranging between 100 and 300nm are additional condition for crazes bands. The synergistic effect of these rubber particles gives rise to a strong increase in the ductility of these bimodal rubber-particle distributed polypropylene systems.

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