Effect of violet light-transmitting eyeglasses on axial elongation in myopic children: A randomized controlled trial

Kiwako Mori, Hidemasa Torii, Yutaka Hara, Michiko Hara, Erisa Yotsukura, Akiko Hanyuda, Kazuno Negishi, Toshihide Kurihara, Kazuo Tsubota

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The fact that outdoor light environment is an important suppressive factor against myopia led us to invent violet light-transmitting eyeglasses (VL glasses) which can transmit violet light (VL), 360–400 nm in wavelength, for the suppression of myopia, and can meanwhile block harmful ultra-violet waves from sunlight. The current study is a double-blinded randomized clinical trial to investigate the myopia-suppressive effect of VL glasses compared to conventional eyeglasses (placebo glasses) that do not transmit VL. The subjects were children aged from 6 to 12 years old, the population in which myopia progression is generally accelerated, and the myopia suppressive effect was followed up for two years in a city in Japan. Periodical ophthalmic examinations, interviews, and measurements of reflection and axial length under mydriasis were performed at the initial visit (the baseline) and at 1, 6, 12, 18, and 24 months. The mean change in axial length in the VL glasses group was significantly smaller than in the placebo glasses group when time for near-work was less than 180 min and when the subjects were limited to those who had never used eyeglasses before this trial (p < 0.01); however, this change was not significant without subgrouping. The suppressive rate for axial elongation in the VL glasses group was 21.4% for two years.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5462
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Volume10
Issue number22
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Nov 1

Keywords

  • Axial length
  • Double blinded randomized controlled trial
  • Eyeglasses
  • Myopia
  • Myopia control
  • Refraction
  • Violet light

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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