Effective and Intact Cell Detachment from a Clinically Ubiquitous Culture Flask by Combining Ultrasonic Wave Exposure and Diluted Trypsin

Hanako Tauchi, Chikahiro Imashiro, Taiki Kuribara, Genichiro Fujii, Yuta Kurashina, Kiichiro Totani, Kenjiro Takemura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Bioengineering research and applications are supported by cell culture technologies that produce a large number of homogeneous cells. However, trypsin used in the general culture procedure for cell detachment decreases cell activity and culture efficiency. Furthermore, manually conducted culture procedures, especially pipetting after trypsin treatment, can induce inhomogeneous mechanical stress in cells, which may influence cellular functions. Alternate detachment methods using specialized culture devices without trypsin and/or manual pipetting have been reported. However, conventional trypsinization is still widely used. Diluted trypsin increases culture efficiency. Therefore, we developed a cell-detaching method using diluted trypsin and ultrasonic vibration for cell detachment from ubiquitous culture vessels. To demonstrate our concept, we used a T25 flask. Vibration of the culture surface was excited by ultrasonic waves propagated from an ultrasonic transducer placed under the flask. Using the proposed method, cells were completely detached by diluted trypsin, whereas 8.6% of cells remained on the flask with manual pipetting. The viability and proliferation of cells detached by the proposed method were higher than those of cells detached by the conventional method, owing to the low concentration of trypsin. Furthermore, glucose consumption after detachment showed no abnormality, eliminating possible oncogenesis. Two membrane proteins were quantified immediately after detachment and at 24 h of culture, and there were no differences between the detachment methods. Thus, we conclude that our proposed method improves culture efficiency without any adverse effects and ensures homogeneous mechanical stress on cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)536-543
Number of pages8
JournalBiotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering
Volume24
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jun 1

Keywords

  • adherent cells
  • cell culture
  • cell detachment
  • ultrasonic vibration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • Biomedical Engineering

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