Attempts have been made to improve the performance of dye-sensitized solar cells by forming metal-oxide nanocoating layers on ZnO electrodes by a sol-gel transformation. SiO 2, Nb 2O 5, TiO 2, or ZrO 2 nanocoating layers could be formed by dipping ZnO films into metal alkoxide solutions of low concentrations and subsequent heat treatments. The performance of DSSCs using the coated ZnO electrodes depends strongly on the structure of coating layers such as the thickness and the surface coverage, which are significantly influenced by the coating conditions. In particular, SiO 2 and Nb 2O 5 coating layers are effective to suppress the recombination by constructing the energy barrier at the ZnO/electrolyte interface and enhance energy conversion efficiency. It is found that the coating layers also hinder the grain growth of ZnO, contributing to the enhanced cell performance as well.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Materials Science(all)