9-cis retinoic acid (cRA) is a high affinity ligand for RXR and binds efficiently to RAR. cRA in general was more potent than all-trans RA (tRA) in suppressing clonal growth and inducing differentiation of HL-60 and human leukemic cells. At very low concentrations, retinoid stimulate proliferation of leukemic cells rather than induce their differentiation. Also, cRA in combination with tRA could induce differentiation of RA resistant HL-60 cells. Steady-state levels of RAR-alpha mRNA in HL-60 cells were not affected by either cRA or tRA. In contrast, cRA, but not tRA could reduced RXR-alpha mRNA accumulation in dose-dependent manner. The loss of partner for RAR may result in differential gene regulation through the retinoid pathway. These differences in regulation of RAR and RXR mRNA might be of physiological significance.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||[Rinshō ketsueki] The Japanese journal of clinical hematology|
|Publication status||Published - 1994 Mar|
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