Effects of exercise, diet, and their combination on metabolic-syndrome- related parameters in OLETF rats

Masato Suzuki, Daisuke Shindo, Masaki Kimura, Hidefumi Waki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study was conducted to assess the effects of exercise, diet, and their combination on metabolic syndrome (MS) risk factors including visceral fat mass (VFM), glucose intolerance, and dyslipidemia in OLETF rats. Thirty-two male rats were assigned to exercise (OLETF-Ex), dietary treatment (-DT), combination (-Ex&DT), or sedentary (-Sed) groups. Daily voluntary exercise using a rotary wheel was performed in OLETF-Ex. Each treatment was conducted from 21 to 31 wk of age. An oral glucose tolerance test was performed before and after the treatment period. Absolute levels of VFM, subcutaneous fat mass (SFM), and serum lipids including triglyceride, total cholesterol, and LDL-cholesterol (LDL-C) were measured after the treatment period. All therapeutic treatments resulted in significantly lower levels of body weight, VFM, SFM, and serum lipids than in sedentary control rats. All therapeutic treatments were also found to improve indices of oral glucose tolerance. Of the 3 therapeutic treatments, serum LDL-C levels were significantly lower in OLETF-Ex and OLETF-Ex&DT than in OLETF-Sed. The data demonstrate that all therapeutic approaches tested were effective in improving a number of MS-related parameters in OLETF rats. However, exercise-based therapeutic intervention may provide additional benefits for improving fat metabolism in MS patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)222-232
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
Volume21
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Jun

Fingerprint

Inbred OLETF Rats
Exercise
Diet
Intra-Abdominal Fat
Therapeutics
Subcutaneous Fat
Glucose Tolerance Test
LDL Cholesterol
Serum
Lipids
Glucose Intolerance
Dyslipidemias

Keywords

  • Metabolic syndrome risk factors
  • Serum LDL-C
  • Visceral fat

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

Cite this

Effects of exercise, diet, and their combination on metabolic-syndrome- related parameters in OLETF rats. / Suzuki, Masato; Shindo, Daisuke; Kimura, Masaki; Waki, Hidefumi.

In: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism, Vol. 21, No. 3, 06.2011, p. 222-232.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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