The influence of mechanical pretreatment on the crystallization from amorphous titania hydrogel to anatase was studied. The temperature of crystallization, Tcrys, determined by the DTA exothermic peak, decreased by 18 and 44 K on grinding for 3 hr by the rotation and vibration ball-mill, respectively. Preliminary ordering of anatase in ground gels was detected by Raman spectroscopy and selected area electron diffractometry, before any X-ray diffraction peak appeared. It is suspected that the decrease in Tcrys by mechanical activation is attributed to the above precursory ordering. By applying mechanical stress, the sudden weight loss was observed at Tcrys. This suggests that a small amount of hydroxyl groups and NH+4 may block the long-range ordering of TiO6 structural units.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Ceramics and Composites
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Inorganic Chemistry
- Materials Chemistry