We previously reported that various gastric irritants induced both apoptosis and necrosis in cultured gastric mucosal cells. In a continuation of this work, the present study has examined the effects of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), a cytoprotective factor for gastric mucosa in vivo, on gastric irritant-induced apoptosis and necrosis in vitro. PGE2 inhibited ethanol-induced apoptosis and increased cell viability in a dose-dependent manner in primary cultures of guinea pig gastric mucosal cells. PGE2 also inhibited hydrogen peroxide-induced apoptosis. In contrast, PGE2 showed no cytoprotective effects against ethanol-induced necrosis. Based on these results, we consider that the cytoprotective effects of PGE2 on gastric mucosa in vivo can be partially explained by its inhibitory effect on gastric irritant-induced apoptosis.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Digestive Diseases and Sciences|
|Publication status||Published - 2002 Oct 1|
- Gastric irritants
- Gastric mucosal cells
- Prostaglandin E
ASJC Scopus subject areas