YVO4:Bi3+,Eu3+ nanophosphors at a high Bi3+ concentration of 15 at% are synthesized from a Bi3+ source, nitrates of yttrium and europium(III), and sodium orthovanadate(V) by a low-temperature aqueous precipitation in the presence of citrate ions. When an ethylene glycol solution of bismuth(III) nitrate is used as a Bi3+ source, YVO4:Bi3+,Eu3+ nanophosphors of ∼20 nm in size crystallize during aging at 85 °C without any by-products where the contents of Bi3+ and Eu3+ incorporated into crystalline YVO4 are close to the respective nominal contents, as confirmed by transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffractometry and X-ray fluorescent analysis. These nanophosphors show red emission corresponding to the f-f transition of Eu3+ under the excitation of Bi3+-V5+ charge transfer. When aging is continued after the completion of the crystallization, the photoluminescence intensity of nanophosphors reaches the constant value. This is the improved behavior in comparison to our previous work, where the photoluminescence intensity decreases after the prolonged aging because of the inhomogeneous doping of Bi3+ ions, and hence the concentration quenching.
- Wet chemical synthesis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
- Condensed Matter Physics