Effects of tool rake angle and tool nose radius on surface quality of ultraprecision diamond-turned porous silicon

Mehdi Heidari, Javad Akbari, Jiwang Yan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)


This paper presents an investigation of the effects of tool rake angle and nose radius on the surface quality of ultraprecision diamond-turned porous silicon. The results showed that as rake angle decreases, the high-stress field induced by the tool edge increases, causing microcracks to propagate extensively near the pore walls. As a result, the ductile-machined areas shrank under a negative tool rake angle. On the other hand, brittle fracture occurred around pores released cutting pressure significantly. These trends of rake angle effects are distinctly different from those in the cutting of non-porous silicon. Finite element simulation of stress in the cutting area agreed with the experimental results. The results also indicated that using a tool with a bigger nose radius suppressed brittle fractures around the pore edge and improved surface quality. Raman spectroscopy of the ductile-machined surfaces revealed that the amorphization of the subsurface layer became more significant when decreasing tool rake angle or increasing tool nose radius. By choosing the optimal tool geometry, a high quality surface can be achieved on porous silicon, which demonstrates the capability of the diamond turning process to fabricate high-precision components.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)321-331
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Manufacturing Processes
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan


  • Diamond turning
  • Porous materials
  • Single-crystal silicon
  • Surface quality
  • Tool nose radius
  • Tool rake angle
  • Ultraprecision cutting

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Strategy and Management
  • Management Science and Operations Research
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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