Effects of velocity oscillation of air flow on counterflow diffusion flames

Hideo Ohsawa, Akio Kitajima, Akiko Matsuo, Toshihisa Ueda, Masahiko Mizomoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Effects of sinusoidal velocity oscillation of air flow on counterflow diffusion flames of nitrogendiluted methane against air has experimentally been investigated. The burner exit velocity was 0.7-1.7 m/s. The unsteady flow characteristics and the extinction limit were measured by varying the frequency (5-500 Hz) and the amplitude (burner exit velocity × o.3, 0.5) of the flow oscillation. Furthermore, the behavior of diffusion layer was observed by using Laser Tomography method. The result shows that the extinction limit of unsteady flame is determined as a function of the maximum strain rate regardless of amplitude of velocity oscillation and it almost coincides with that of the steady state flame. The extinction limit of unsteady-state flame depends on the frequency of velocity oscillation as well. The strain rate at the extinction becomes minimum at the frequency where the amplitude of fluctuation of diffusion layer width becomes maximum. This suggests that the variation of the structure of diffusion flame zone plays a key role on the flame extinction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1228-1233
Number of pages6
JournalNihon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, B Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part B
Volume64
Issue number620
Publication statusPublished - 1998 Apr
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

counterflow
diffusion flames
air flow
extinction
flames
oscillations
Air
burners
Fuel burners
strain rate
Strain rate
unsteady state
unsteady flow
flow characteristics
Unsteady flow
Tomography
Methane
methane
tomography
Lasers

Keywords

  • Counterflow
  • Diffusion combustion
  • Diffusion layer
  • Extinction limit
  • Flame
  • Laser Tomography
  • Oscillating combustion
  • Strain rate
  • Velocity profile

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Effects of velocity oscillation of air flow on counterflow diffusion flames. / Ohsawa, Hideo; Kitajima, Akio; Matsuo, Akiko; Ueda, Toshihisa; Mizomoto, Masahiko.

In: Nihon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, B Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part B, Vol. 64, No. 620, 04.1998, p. 1228-1233.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Mizomoto, Masahiko

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AB - Effects of sinusoidal velocity oscillation of air flow on counterflow diffusion flames of nitrogendiluted methane against air has experimentally been investigated. The burner exit velocity was 0.7-1.7 m/s. The unsteady flow characteristics and the extinction limit were measured by varying the frequency (5-500 Hz) and the amplitude (burner exit velocity × o.3, 0.5) of the flow oscillation. Furthermore, the behavior of diffusion layer was observed by using Laser Tomography method. The result shows that the extinction limit of unsteady flame is determined as a function of the maximum strain rate regardless of amplitude of velocity oscillation and it almost coincides with that of the steady state flame. The extinction limit of unsteady-state flame depends on the frequency of velocity oscillation as well. The strain rate at the extinction becomes minimum at the frequency where the amplitude of fluctuation of diffusion layer width becomes maximum. This suggests that the variation of the structure of diffusion flame zone plays a key role on the flame extinction.

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