Effects of vitamin K2 on cortical and cancellous bone mass, cortical osteocyte and lacunar system, and porosity in sciatic neurectomized rats.

Jun Iwamoto, Hideo Matsumoto, Tsuyoshi Takeda, Yoshihiro Sato, James K. Yeh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The purpose of the present study was to examine the effects of vitamin K2 on cortical and cancellous bone mass, cortical osteocyte and lacunar system, and porosity in sciatic neurectomized rats. Thirty-four female Sprague-Dawley retired breeder rats were randomized into three groups: age-matched control, sciatic neurectomy (NX), and NX + vitamin K2 administration (menatetrenone, 30 mg/kg/day p.o., three times a week). At the end of the 8-week experiment, bone histomorphometric analysis was performed on cortical and cancellous bone of the tibial diaphysis and proximal metaphysis, respectively, and osteocyte lacunar system and porosity were evaluated on cortical bone of the tibial diaphysis. NX decreased cortical and cancellous bone mass compared with age-matched controls as a result of increased endocortical and trabecular bone erosion and decreased trabecular mineral apposition rate (MAR). Vitamin K2 ameliorated the NX-induced increase in bone erosion, prevented the NX-induced decrease in MAR, and increased bone formation rate (BFR/bone surface) in cancellous bone, resulting in an attenuation of NX-induced cancellous bone loss. However, vitamin K2 did not significantly influence cortical bone mass. NX also decreased osteocyte density and lacunar occupancy and increased porosity in cortical bone compared with age-matched controls. Vitamin K2 ameliorated the NX-induced decrease in lacunar occupancy by viable osteocytes and the NX-induced increase in porosity. The present study showed the efficacy of vitamin K2 for cancellous bone mass and cortical lacunar occupancy by viable osteocytes and porosity in sciatic NX rats.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)254-262
Number of pages9
JournalCalcified Tissue International
Volume87
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2010
Externally publishedYes

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Vitamin K 2
Osteocytes
Porosity
Diaphyses
Bone and Bones
Minerals
Cancellous Bone
Cortical Bone
Osteogenesis
Research Design
Age Groups

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Endocrinology

Cite this

Effects of vitamin K2 on cortical and cancellous bone mass, cortical osteocyte and lacunar system, and porosity in sciatic neurectomized rats. / Iwamoto, Jun; Matsumoto, Hideo; Takeda, Tsuyoshi; Sato, Yoshihiro; Yeh, James K.

In: Calcified Tissue International, Vol. 87, No. 3, 2010, p. 254-262.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Iwamoto, Jun ; Matsumoto, Hideo ; Takeda, Tsuyoshi ; Sato, Yoshihiro ; Yeh, James K. / Effects of vitamin K2 on cortical and cancellous bone mass, cortical osteocyte and lacunar system, and porosity in sciatic neurectomized rats. In: Calcified Tissue International. 2010 ; Vol. 87, No. 3. pp. 254-262.
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