Efficacy and limitation of cognitive rehabilitation

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The "higher brain dysfunction" illustrates various cognitive and behavioral consequences resulted from organic brain damage. Individually- tailored cognitive rehabilitation aims to directly and explicitly ameliorate disability of people with higher brain dysfunction. In this symposium, the efficacy and limitation of cognitive rehabilitation was discussed with particular interest in the two cognitive domains, i.e., language and memory. In the realm of aphasia rehabilitation, two mechanisms have been postulated for language restitution following aphasia: 1) partial recovery of left-hemisphere language-related areas, and 2) activation of their homologous counterparts in the right hemisphere. Although the both hemispheres may eventually contribute for functional reorganization of the language network, recent functional imaging studies of aphasie patients have demonstrated that the residual left hemisphere is primarily important for aphasia recovery. A recently presented hypothesis was described in which suppressing the right hemisphere may lead to better aphasia recovery. It is now widely accepted in the field of memory rehabilitation for individuals with amnesia/dementia that the theoretical framework of "errorless learning" is a guiding principle. Error elimination during learning is essential for favorable outcome of memory training. We should be aware of functional organization of the brain which underlies the efficacy of cognitive rehabilitation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)865-867
Number of pages3
JournalClinical Neurology
Volume47
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Nov
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Aphasia
Rehabilitation
Language
Brain
Learning
Amnesia
Disabled Persons
Dementia

Keywords

  • Aphasia
  • Cognitive rehabilitation
  • Errorless learning
  • Memory impairment
  • Recovery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology

Cite this

Efficacy and limitation of cognitive rehabilitation. / Mimura, Masaru.

In: Clinical Neurology, Vol. 47, No. 11, 11.2007, p. 865-867.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{b32bb09afe7d45a4ac1cf0657567d0d7,
title = "Efficacy and limitation of cognitive rehabilitation",
abstract = "The {"}higher brain dysfunction{"} illustrates various cognitive and behavioral consequences resulted from organic brain damage. Individually- tailored cognitive rehabilitation aims to directly and explicitly ameliorate disability of people with higher brain dysfunction. In this symposium, the efficacy and limitation of cognitive rehabilitation was discussed with particular interest in the two cognitive domains, i.e., language and memory. In the realm of aphasia rehabilitation, two mechanisms have been postulated for language restitution following aphasia: 1) partial recovery of left-hemisphere language-related areas, and 2) activation of their homologous counterparts in the right hemisphere. Although the both hemispheres may eventually contribute for functional reorganization of the language network, recent functional imaging studies of aphasie patients have demonstrated that the residual left hemisphere is primarily important for aphasia recovery. A recently presented hypothesis was described in which suppressing the right hemisphere may lead to better aphasia recovery. It is now widely accepted in the field of memory rehabilitation for individuals with amnesia/dementia that the theoretical framework of {"}errorless learning{"} is a guiding principle. Error elimination during learning is essential for favorable outcome of memory training. We should be aware of functional organization of the brain which underlies the efficacy of cognitive rehabilitation.",
keywords = "Aphasia, Cognitive rehabilitation, Errorless learning, Memory impairment, Recovery",
author = "Masaru Mimura",
year = "2007",
month = "11",
language = "English",
volume = "47",
pages = "865--867",
journal = "Clinical Neurology",
issn = "0009-918X",
publisher = "Societas Neurologica Japonica",
number = "11",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Efficacy and limitation of cognitive rehabilitation

AU - Mimura, Masaru

PY - 2007/11

Y1 - 2007/11

N2 - The "higher brain dysfunction" illustrates various cognitive and behavioral consequences resulted from organic brain damage. Individually- tailored cognitive rehabilitation aims to directly and explicitly ameliorate disability of people with higher brain dysfunction. In this symposium, the efficacy and limitation of cognitive rehabilitation was discussed with particular interest in the two cognitive domains, i.e., language and memory. In the realm of aphasia rehabilitation, two mechanisms have been postulated for language restitution following aphasia: 1) partial recovery of left-hemisphere language-related areas, and 2) activation of their homologous counterparts in the right hemisphere. Although the both hemispheres may eventually contribute for functional reorganization of the language network, recent functional imaging studies of aphasie patients have demonstrated that the residual left hemisphere is primarily important for aphasia recovery. A recently presented hypothesis was described in which suppressing the right hemisphere may lead to better aphasia recovery. It is now widely accepted in the field of memory rehabilitation for individuals with amnesia/dementia that the theoretical framework of "errorless learning" is a guiding principle. Error elimination during learning is essential for favorable outcome of memory training. We should be aware of functional organization of the brain which underlies the efficacy of cognitive rehabilitation.

AB - The "higher brain dysfunction" illustrates various cognitive and behavioral consequences resulted from organic brain damage. Individually- tailored cognitive rehabilitation aims to directly and explicitly ameliorate disability of people with higher brain dysfunction. In this symposium, the efficacy and limitation of cognitive rehabilitation was discussed with particular interest in the two cognitive domains, i.e., language and memory. In the realm of aphasia rehabilitation, two mechanisms have been postulated for language restitution following aphasia: 1) partial recovery of left-hemisphere language-related areas, and 2) activation of their homologous counterparts in the right hemisphere. Although the both hemispheres may eventually contribute for functional reorganization of the language network, recent functional imaging studies of aphasie patients have demonstrated that the residual left hemisphere is primarily important for aphasia recovery. A recently presented hypothesis was described in which suppressing the right hemisphere may lead to better aphasia recovery. It is now widely accepted in the field of memory rehabilitation for individuals with amnesia/dementia that the theoretical framework of "errorless learning" is a guiding principle. Error elimination during learning is essential for favorable outcome of memory training. We should be aware of functional organization of the brain which underlies the efficacy of cognitive rehabilitation.

KW - Aphasia

KW - Cognitive rehabilitation

KW - Errorless learning

KW - Memory impairment

KW - Recovery

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=38549097145&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=38549097145&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 18210820

AN - SCOPUS:38549097145

VL - 47

SP - 865

EP - 867

JO - Clinical Neurology

JF - Clinical Neurology

SN - 0009-918X

IS - 11

ER -