Efficacy, safety, pharmacokinetics and immunogenicity of abatacept administered subcutaneously or intravenously in Japanese patients with rheumatoid arthritis and inadequate response to methotrexate: A Phase II/III, randomized study

Mitsuhiro Iwahashi, Hiroshi Inoue, Tsukasa Matsubara, Takaaki Tanaka, Koichi Amano, Toshihisa Kanamono, Teruaki Nakano, Shoichi Uchimura, Tomomaro Izumihara, Akira Yamazaki, Chetan S. Karyekar, Tsutomu Takeuchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective. To evaluate efficacy and safety of subcutaneous (SC) and intravenous (IV) abatacept and background methotrexate (MTX) in Japanese patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and inadequate response to MTX (MTX-IR). Methods. Double-dummy, double-blind study (NCT01001832); 118 adults with ≥ 10 swollen joints, ≥ 12 tender joints and C-reactive protein (CRP) ≥ 0.8 mg/dL randomized 1:1 to SC abatacept (125 mg weekly) with IV loading (~ 10 mg/kg on Day 1), or IV abatacept (~ 10 mg/kg monthly) for 169 days, both also receiving MTX (6-8 mg/week). Primary endpoint was Day 169 American College of Rheumatology (ACR)20 response; other efficacy endpoints, safety and immunogenicity were assessed. Results. Similar proportions of patients achieved ACR20 responses at Day 169 with SC (91.5% [95% CI 81.3, 97.2]) and IV abatacept (83.1% [71.0, 91.6]). ACR50/70 responses, adjusted mean changes from baseline in Health Assessment Questionnaire-Disability Index scores and remission rates (28-joint Disease Activity Score [CRP] < 2.6) were also comparable between groups. Serious adverse event frequencies (5.1% vs. 3.4%) were similar with both formulations. One patient per group tested seropositive for immunogenicity. Weekly SC abatacept dosing achieved mean serum concentrations > 10 μ g/mL (minimum therapeutic target). Conclusions. SC abatacept demonstrated comparable efficacy and safety to IV abatacept, with low immunogenicity rates, in MTX-IR Japanese patients with RA.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)885-891
Number of pages7
JournalModern rheumatology
Volume24
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Nov 1

Keywords

  • Abatacept
  • Intravenous infusion
  • Japan
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Subcutaneous injection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rheumatology

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