Efficient genetic engineering of human intestinal organoids using electroporation

Masayuki Fujii, Mami Matano, Kosaku Nanki, Toshiro Sato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

55 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Gene modification in untransformed human intestinal cells is an attractive approach for studying gene function in intestinal diseases. However, because of the lack of practical tools, such studies have largely depended upon surrogates, such as gene-engineered mice or immortalized human cell lines. By taking advantage of the recently developed intestinal organoid culture method, we developed a methodology for modulating genes of interest in untransformed human colonic organoids via electroporation of gene vectors. Here we describe a detailed protocol for the generation of intestinal organoids by culture with essential growth factors in a basement membrane matrix. We also describe how to stably integrate genes via the piggyBac transposon, as well as precise genome editing using the CRISPR-Cas9 system. Beginning with crypt isolation from a human colon sample, genetically modified organoids can be obtained in 3 weeks.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1474-1485
Number of pages12
JournalNature Protocols
Volume10
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Oct 29

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Organoids
Genetic engineering
Genetic Engineering
Electroporation
Genes
Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats
Intestinal Diseases
Basement Membrane
Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
Colon
Cell Line
Cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Efficient genetic engineering of human intestinal organoids using electroporation. / Fujii, Masayuki; Matano, Mami; Nanki, Kosaku; Sato, Toshiro.

In: Nature Protocols, Vol. 10, No. 10, 29.10.2015, p. 1474-1485.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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